The History of Japan in English 1-1 The beginning of culture【英語で読む高校日本史】

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Japanese archipelago and Japanese

Humans were born on Earth in the Late Miocene of the Neogene in geology, which is about seven million years ago. Humankind developed from near the end of the Neogene to Quaternary, which is divided into the Pleistocene and the Holocene by about 10,000 years ago. The Pleistocene is also called the Glacial Age, where cold glacial periods and relatively warm interglacial periods alternated. During the glacial period, the sea level dropped significantly compared to today. 

It is assumed that the Japanese archipelago has been connected with the northeastern part of the Asian continent at least twice during this period and Stegodon and Naumann elephants have arrived there. Humans may have come to the Japanese archipelago following these large animals, but no definitive evidence has yet been discovered. The sea level rose in Holocene after the last glacial period, and the Japanese archipelago, which was almost in its current form, was established about 10,000 years ago.

Words

Miocene 中新世

Neogene 新第三紀

Quaternary 第4紀

Pleistocene 更新世

Holocene 完新世

Stegodon ステゴドン(トウヨウゾウがこれの一種)

Annotation

※To be updated

※reference: 改訂版 詳説日本史 (山川出版社)

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